Cocker Spaniel is the 31st most popular dog breed in the Unite States of America and have a medium bodied structure with medium level of energy, making is suitable as a pet and a sporting dog. They have been recognized as a separate dog breed from the start of the 20th century. But their history traces back in the 18th and 19th centuries. They have a lot of attractive features that make them appear different and also very special as a fancy dog breed.
The long hairs on the ear folds and well balanced body posture are a few of the most unique features the dog has in its appearance. They are termed “Cocker” because of their ancient use as hunting dogs to fetch Eurasian woodcocks and American woodcocks. They were first recognized by the American Kennel club in 1878.
Considering all the important features and unique characteristics, the most highlighted features are discussed below:
Types of the Cocker Spaniels
Cocker Spaniels have been classified into two main types, which are the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker spaniel. The English cocker spaniel is said to be descended from Ch. Obo while the American Cocker Spaniel are the descendants of Ch. Obo II.
- American Cocker Spaniel
American Cocker Spaniels are slightly lighter in weight and smaller in size as compared to the English Cocker spaniels. Their height is about 14 to 15 inches and they may weigh 24 to 30 pounds.
- English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniels are bigger, weigh more and have a slightly bigger head. Their height ranges from the 15 to 16 inches on average and they weigh around 28 to 32 pounds.
Origin of the Cocker Spaniels
Cocker spaniels have been researched very deeply to confirm their origin. Their origin has been explored on the basis of the region in which they were first arisen.
Appearance and looks
The overall appearance of the dog gives a sturdy and strong look with a well balanced body. They have a well shaped muscular body and has a medium level of energy to perform various tasks. They have fine coat and medium length hairs as a part of their coat. They appear smart and active and can be a great fit as a pet dog in your family.
Color and coat
The Cocker Spaniel breed comes in various colors , including light golden, dark brown, Tan, black and liver or reddish brown. They may also have white colored dogs that can be bred through using pure breeding of light golden dogs.
Their life span is about 12 to 15 years and you can expect to have a healthy dog with you for years.
These dogs are extremely adaptable to any environment, whether it is an apartment or an open house, they can live anywhere, until and unless they have been given a proper opportunity to play and exercise.
Social and friendly
Cockers are friendly and can mix up with kids and family members in a very short period of time. They socialize very well and you may not have to worry about making them new friends.
Their intelligence and understanding makes them easy to train. You can train them for various tasks and can help them learn various tasks so that they can help in hunting or sporting activities. They are trainable and can be trained by the proper skill development programs.
They make a generally healthy dog breed and can live a healthy life without any health problems. But health issues may arrive in the form of retinal atrophy, Otitis externa or ear infections. In addition to this, there are many other things that may affect the health, including ear inflammation and related problems as well as Hip joint dysplasia.
Purposes of breeding Cocker spaniels
Cocker spaniels were bred for the sake of many activities involving helpful skills that a Cocker can learn easily, through proper training and experiences. Their most common uses are as follows:
Hunting and gun dogs
These dogs were used as hunting dogs or gun dogs due to their active behavior, keen observation and strong sense of smell. They are capable of detecting the game and can also help in finding the place where the hunter can have a successful shot, due to the presence of the game.
They are also used and gun dogs because they are capable enough to fetch the shot game without tearing it off or without any damages. They have a soft mouth that helps them to carry the hunted game, very carefully.
They are also very good guardians. They can help you protect yourself, your kids and surrounding. They are full of energy and would not let the target out of the sight and can keep the family members safe from any possible dangers.
They are perfect pets if kept under great conditions and exercising properly. They are loving, and smart and can make good friends with any family member in the house.
All these purposes and features, reflect cocker spaniels as a great dog breed that loves to play and has a great level of energy as a part of their personality. They can be kept as a hunting dog or sporting dog without any hesitations. They are best to be kept as pets at home and can provide a higher level of companion hip among the dogs and the owner and also the other family members.
They only need regular exercise and playful activities with which you can maintain its health for a long period of time. These dogs are available in 13 various colors and shades and also has marking on their bodies. If you need a smart dog or a pet dog that will perform various tasks and play as well, then you must not miss out to see how they play on the ground.
It has also been said that there are further, two separate strains one is for working purpose, while the other is for showcasing purposes.